Historical Photographic Process

The use of alternative and historical processes - wet plate collodion, encaustic, palladium, pinhole/polaroid and gelatin silver prints, among others - is central to my photography. Not only do these processes tend to produce an antique, timeless effect; they also reflect, through their use and disuse, the passage of time within the art of photography itself. Metaphorically, “Darkness Closing In,” “Depart,” and “Mornings” are three sequential groups of photographs that express the pattern of struggle, transition, and rebirth that recurs throughout life.


Ambrotype, 2012. Self Portrait.


Palladium Printing is a historical photographic method that dates back to the late 1800s and is done by hand coating 100% cotton rag paper with ferric oxalate and exposed with a negative in the darkroom under intense ultraviolet light. The print is highly archival and produces an exquisite warm toned image. 


Encaustic is a process intensive medium that is over 2000 years old created by Greek painters in Egypt. Encaustic consists of natural beeswax and resin that is melted and fused with heat. Encaustic is highly archival. 


After the Fire. 2017 Encaustic on wood, Ash from Forest Fire.

Wet Plate Collodion

Wet Plate Collodion is a photographic technique dating back to 1851. The process involves pouring collodion onto glass or aluminum, dip into silver nitrate, expose, pour on developer, fix, wash & varnish. The chemistry required to produce wet plate collodion can be potentially harmful or deadly. The entire process is handmade and therefore each plate is inherently original.